On January 11, 1922, the first injection of insulin was given to a 14-year-old diabetic patient.
World Diabetes Day has been held annually on November 14 since 1991 at the initiative of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and the World Health Organization. Since 2007, the event has been held under the UN auspices, and the blue circle becomes the emblem in the same year.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a metabolic disorder that currently affects more than 400 million worldwide and is projected to cause 552 million cases by the year 2030. Long-term vascular complications, such as coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, stroke, are the leading causes of morbidity and mortality among diabetic patients.